ACSA owes its existence to the efforts of early Corrections and Prisons Administrators on the continent dating back to the 1930s. The first Conference of Commissioners of Prisons on the African soil was held in Mombasa, Kenya in 1941 to discuss issues pertaining to prisons. This was followed by another meeting in 1942 which took place in Nairobi, Kenya.
In 1945 another meeting of Commissioners took place in Kampala, Uganda and was convened by an Organization called the Conference of Commissioners for East and Central Africa (CESCA). Among other countries in attendance from Central Africa was the then Nyasaland (Malawi) and Northern Rhodesia (Zambia).
A meeting held in 1953 was to be the last for a long time until 1993 when efforts to revive the African Commissioners Conference resulted in the formation of the Conference for Eastern, Southern and Central African Heads of Correctional Services Association in Krugersdorp, South Africa.
In 1999, members of CESCA resolved the need for a change of approach from a conference-based association to one that would represent the objectives, needs and expectations of correctional services on the Continent. The aforementioned need was re-echoed in Nairobi, Kenya in August 2005.
In 2006 in Durban, South Africa, the Plan of Action towards the establishment of the African Correctional Services Association was launched. It had long been the desire of African Correctional and Prison Services to have an organization that was truly representative of who they were and what they want to achieve.
The 8th CESCA Conference was held in Swaziland in 2007, a new constitution was adopted paving the way for the formation of All African Correctional Services Association (AACSA) and the name was later changed to African Correctional Services Association (ACSA).
In August 2008, the inaugural meeting of the Ministerial Council for ACSA Champions (MINCAC) was held in South Africa with the aim of updating the political leadership of corrections and prisons on the process towards establishing ACSA. The meeting also resolved to establish an ACSA Council of Ministers.

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The Infectious Nature of Crime
Correction System: The Pinnacle of Madern Society
ACSA Constitution
Mandela Rules
3-Year Strategic Plan